MSME Registration, Benefits, & Eligibility in detail

The new MSME definition – turnover to define MSMEs

Investments will no longer characterize MSMEs. In October 2019, Union Minister Nitin Gadkari had said that the revised definition of micro, small, and medium enterprises may grant a unified description for all things related to taxation, investment, and more.

The changed definition was to be implemented via an amendment that would further refine the business scenario for Indian enterprises.

The Union Cabinet had approved the amendment to change the criteria to classify MSMEs from “investment in plant and machinery” to “annual turnover.”

On 13th May 2020, Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman added the additional principle of turnover along with the investment.

MSME definition – why the change

As Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman made the announcement about the change, she also addressed the reasons behind it. She said the new definition will bring about many benefits that will aid MSMEs to grow in size.

This was made under Atma-nirbhar Bharat Abhiyaan Economic Package to assuage India’s economic predicament amidst the pandemic. Combined with all previous economic stimulus efforts, the total amount of the relief package comes to a whopping Rs. 20 lakh crore.

Key announcements of Atma-nirbhar Bharat Abhiyaan

  • Rs 3 lakh crore collateral free automatic loans for MSMEs
  • Rs 50,000 crore equity infusion through MSME Fund of Funds
  • Rs 20 crore subordinate debt for MSMEs
  • Extension of registration and completion date of real estate projects under RERA
  • Immediate pending refunds issuance to all non charitable trusts
  • Extension of the due date for ITR for FY’19-20 to November 30, 2020

What is MSME? – An Introduction

MSME stands for Micro, Small, and Medium Enterprises. In accordance with the Micro, Small, and Medium Enterprises Development (MSMED) Act in 2006, the enterprises are classified into two divisions.

1. Manufacturing enterprises – engaged in the manufacturing or production of goods in any industry

A few manufacturing sectors that may come under MSME:

    • Textile, apparel and leather industries.
    • Computer manufacturing.
    • Furniture – wood products.
    • Poultry farming.
    • Food products.
    • Chemical products.
    • Electrical machinery and parts.
    • Non-metallic mineral products.

2. Service enterprises – engaged in providing or rendering services

Old MSME definition based on investment, MSMED Act, 2006

Headquartered in New Delhi, the Ministry of MSME is a branch of the Indian Government, which is the apex body for the formulation and administration of rules, and laws, pertaining to micro, small, and medium-sized enterprises in the country.

Having created 11 crore job opportunities in India while contributing to the GDP by 29%, we can say that MSMEs are the heart of the Indian economy. And the change in the definition will enable Indian enterprises to carry out their businesses better.

Who is eligible for MSME certificate?

  • Proprietorships,
  • Hindu Undivided Family,
  • Partnership Firm,
  • One Person Company,
  • Limited Liability Partnership,
  • Private Limited Company,
  • Limited Company,
  • Producer Company,
  • Any association of persons,
  • Co-operative societies or any other undertaking can obtain MSME registration in India.

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